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How Hard Water Hurts Your Water Heater’s Efficiency and Lifespan

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Hard water has a high concentration of mineral content, most commonly calcium and magnesium. It’s caused when groundwater travels through deposits of limestone or sediment.

Hard water in itself isn’t a health risk. It’s present in 85 percent of American homes and is usually safe to drink, but it’s not at all good for plumbing fixtures — especially water heaters.

Hard water vs. water heaters

Hard water leaves mineral deposits behind wherever it goes. Limescale, a chalky deposit that primarily consists of calcium carbonate, accumulates in fixtures and appliances connected with hot water, like tea kettles and water heaters. Heat accelerates the conversion of minerals into limescale.

When it collects inside a water heater tank, limescale creates a sort of insulating layer along the inside walls. This makes it harder for heat to escape, leading to an overheating tank. That can cause leaks and water pressure spikes and shave years off the heater’s expected lifespan.

Mineral deposits and sediment can also lower a heater’s capacity and efficiency by making heating cycles longer, raising utility bills.

Hard water vs. tankless water heaters

Even tankless water heating systems are at risk when they encounter hard water. Limescale can build up within the outlets and inlets where water passes through the heat exchanger. This effect leads to low water pressure and eventually will prevent the unit from heating water at all.

How to stop hard water deposits

To control the accumulation of hard water deposits in your water heater and surrounding fixtures, have the water heater flushed every so often. If you can stand slightly cooler water temperatures, lower the heater’s thermostat.

The most effective solution is a water softener system. This restricts and prevents the excessive build-up of limescale to all your plumbing fixtures, including your water heater, and can extend the life of all hot-water appliances.

B&B Professional Plumbing

B&B helps the Tampa Bay Metro Area with high-quality, affordable, complete plumbing service, including water heater repair and hard water control. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.

We service Pinellas, Hillsborough, and Pasco Counties!

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Jason Mckee
Jason Mckee
November 13, 2021.
Verified
Very professional team. This is a very well run company, by people that care. 5 stars.
Chuck Zalac
Chuck Zalac
November 12, 2021.
Verified
Had a water leak coming down an interior wall. Mike, Chris & Scotty were able to quickly assess and locate the source; then efficiently made repairs. They replaced a section of vent stack that was cracked; a difficult task but they were excellent. And they left the work area clean.
Left Shoe
Left Shoe
November 7, 2021.
Verified
Extremely professional and always Considerate.
Nancy Napoles
Nancy Napoles
August 17, 2021.
Verified
There when you need them. Courteous, professional services. I highly recommend this company.
Normandy Woodward
Normandy Woodward
August 7, 2021.
Verified
Tom and Normandy Woodward are SUPER PLEASED with each step of B and B working with us to tackle many issues over the past two months. I have to say that at the top of our list in outstanding persons/help are Rocco the Overseer of Operations (amazing), Frank Garcia and his partner Matt (awesome), Brian the scheduler (top-notch) and Norman Nickelson (a gentle genius who brilliantly solved a persistent problem). These guys are as professional, courteous and efficient as I've ever seen.
Melanie Kordana
Melanie Kordana
July 3, 2021.
Verified
The only true 24 hour plumber in Clearwater area!! My mom had plumbing emergency and we were able to reach the on call plumber at 3AM and he was there within a couple of hours and fixed the issue! So thankful for them!
Janeen Fasulo
Janeen Fasulo
June 23, 2021.
Verified
Mike was the absolute best, he understood that I was in a bind and went so far above and beyond what I expected and I am exceedingly grateful for his time and knowledge

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